Where did Cain’s wife come from? This is the question many ask upon reading the story of Cain in Genesis 4, especially Genesis 4:17.
In the story of Genesis 4, Cain, after killing Abel, was sent away by God and he went to the land of Nod. After that, the story tells us that Cain had marital relations with his wife, and his wife became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. The story, however, never tells us where Cain’s wife came from; it doesn’t directly give us her identity. Thus, assumptions are made by many.
But assumptions are not what we should be after if we wish to respect the context of the written Word of God. In fact, the Word of God is clear that Adam’s race is the only human race that has existed throughout the whole history of this universe. Therefore, Cain’s wife was from Adam’s race, not from some other [imaginary] human race.
This leads us to questions, though. For example, where does the Bible say that Adam’s race is the only human race that has ever existed?
From one man he made every nation of men, that they should inhabit the whole earth; and he determined the times set for them and the exact places where they should live.
So the Bible clearly says that he made all humans from one man (one blood). Who is this one man? Adam!
And for confirmation, Genesis 3:20 says:
Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living.
So Eve is the mother of all humans, as she is the wife of the father of all humans, Adam.
And for yet another confirmation, here’s what Romans 5:12-14 says:
Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned—for before the law was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into account when there is no law. Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come.
What is the passage saying? It is saying that death reigned over all humans, even those who did not sin by breaking any command (such as babies). How come? Because, just as the passage states, death entered the world because of the sin of Adam, and, as all humans are in Adam (as all humans inherit Adam’s nature), all humans experience death because of the sin of the head of the human race, Adam.
1 Corinthians 15:21-22
For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man. For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.
As all humans experience death, all humans are [originally] in Adam => all humans are descendants of Adam [and Eve].
And that is why the Bible says that all have sinned (Romans 3:23). Every human out there is in need of Jesus, the Savior, as all humans share the same corrupted nature. For more details on why Jesus is the only way for you to be saved, go here.
Thus, we see that the Bible clearly says that all humans are descendants of Adam and Eve. Therefore, Cain’s wife was one of them.
After hearing this, the next matter someone would most likely wonder about is the following:
If Cain’s wife was from Adam’s race, does this mean she was Cain’s sister or something? Isn’t this incest? I thought God was against incest! How could He allow them to sin by committing incest?
The answer is simple. In the days of Cain, marrying your sister (or niece) was not yet a violation of God’s law, for there was nothing wrong with such a thing back then.
Yes, you heard me right. There was nothing wrong with marrying your sister back then!
You see, God’s law is not for show. Every commandment that comes from God is for a good divine reason. A man marrying his sister did not lead to severe biological deformities and genetic diseases in their children back then (as it so happens today).
Adam and Eve, for example, were born perfect, and the genetic makeup of each was perfect compared to that of today’s human, for they were created before sin ever came, biologically and spiritually corrupting our human nature. While today’s human is born long after the fall which has already affected us in many negative ways.
Back then, even right after the fall, there was not much deformities and diseases and imperfections as there are today, as the negative effects of the fall have been quite slow and gradual. I mean, it took a while for AIDS to emerge; it was only recently that AIDS has become a threat to us. And, of course, there are other examples of diseases that have emerged only recently.
So, it was much safer for the humans back then to marry their siblings, as it was not likely that such unions would lead to severe genetic diseases in the children they bore, due to the fact that the gradual effects of the fall were still in the beginning stages.
Actually, the Bible mentions how the humans back then (in Genesis) lived long, long lives (around 900 years of age!). And it shows us how the human’s average life span gradually diminished from around 900 years to around 150 years of age, and now it’s around 80-90 years of age. All due to the gradual effects of the fall.
This is why marrying your sister (or niece) was not a violation of God’s law back then, as there was no harm to it and as it was necessary for the initial increase of the human population!
It was only until the days of Moses that such acts have become a sin. Abraham, for example, married Sarah, who was his half sister!
Read what Abraham says about his wife in Genesis 20:12:
Besides, she really is my sister, the daughter of my father though not of my mother; and she became my wife.
Today (due to the effects of the fall), according to the law of God, it’s a sin to marry your half sister, your sister, your niece, and your aunt. And of course, it’s a sin to marry your mother and your daughter. For if you love your neighbor as yourself, you will not marry your sister and have sexual relations with her today.
Now we know that Cain’s wife was from Adam’s human race (whether as Cain’s sister or a niece of his, we don’t know) and that it was not a sin for Cain to marry her and have sexual relations with her.
The next question one might ask is: Does the Bible even mention daughters of Adam that Cain could pick from and choose as his wife?
For sure! Genesis 5:4 says that Adam had daughters! So it would not have been impossible for Cain to pick a wife from among his father’s daughters.
We don’t know the names and the details of Adam’s daughters, but we do know that he had daughters, because the Bible says so clearly.
In conclusion, the question about the identity of Cain’s wife has been answered according to the truth of God’s word.
If anyone wishes to make a comment, please feel free to do so.
Posted by SoldierofChrist