To whom should we pray?
To God alone
“Gather yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations. They have no knowledge that carry the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save. Declare and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath caused this to be heard from ancient time? [who] hath declared it long ago? Is it not I, Jehovah? And there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour, there is none besides me.” (Isaiah 45:20-21); “And with the remainder thereof he maketh a god, his graven image; he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me, for thou art my god.” (Isaiah 44:17); “So will I bless thee while I live; I will lift up my hands in thy name.” (Psalm 63:4); “O You who hear prayer, To You all men come.” (Psalm 65:2); “And they stoned Stephen, praying, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And kneeling down, he cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And having said this, he fell asleep.” (Acts 7:59-60) (Reminder: For the Christians, there is only one Lord, and that Lord is Jesus Christ — cf. 1 Corinthians 8:6 — So Stephen was addressing Jesus when he said “Lord”, as the verse itself also says “Lord Jesus”); “And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, this will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask anything in my name, I will do it.” (John 14:13-14) (Note: It’s the Lord Jesus who is talking in John 14:13-14).
From Isaiah 45:20-21 we understand that we should pray to God alone; besides Him there is no God. The verse also implies that as everything is related to our Salvation, then the one to whom we pray should be the One who can save us; and only God is the Just and Savior God. Isaiah 44:17 also implies that the one to whom you pray is the one in whom you believe as your god and deliverer. But God says that there is no other Savior God besides Him who saves without sacrificing His justice. Psalm 63:4 adds that the true believer only lifts up his hands (prays) in the Name of God, and Psalm 65:2 explains that all men can and should come to God alone in prayer, because He is the only One who hears prayer. In other words, prayer is worship, because the one to whom you pray is believed to be Omnipresent and Omnipotent and Omniscient, or else he will not be able to hear all the prayers addressed to him from all places in this world. And we know that only God is Omnipresent and Omnipotent and Omniscient. We have studied the question “Whom should we worship” in our previous study. And we find a prayer addressed by Stephen to the Lord Jesus in Acts 7:59-60, and we also read that Jesus directly asked His disciples to pray to Him in John 14:13-14, as He is the One who will do the things asked in prayer in His Name. So as no one other than God can hear prayer and as prayers should be done only in His Name, and as Jesus is the One who hears and answers prayers done in His Name, then the Lord Jesus Christ is God, i.e. God the Son.